western fishermen love the salmonfly, and for good reason. this makes them perfect bait for trout anglers, and every spring when there’s a hatch, fishermen and fish celebrate at the same time. as a matter of fact, the deschutes river system is the only river in oregon that the salmonfly calls home. they are very tempermental about the water temperature. the deschutes has a very constant water temperature and falls within their comfort zone. this is critical as the salmonfly lives in the river for several years. they live in the river where the current is moderate to fast and where they can latch on to boulders. the nymphs live in the water for three long years.
this is called their migration and is often when they get knocked loose by the current. once they have the ability to travel around out of the water, they search for a mate. they then fly over the river, land on the surface, and deposit their eggs. this is one of the only times of year that you can depend on seeing larger, 15-18″ trout, rise to the surface from the river depths. they know there are large, easy to nab insects on the surface and these large trout are not going to miss an easy meal. “nymph fishing” is where you imitate a nymph and fish under the water surface, near rocks and boulders where trout are feeding. you can use an actual salmonfly for bait instead of an imitation fly and those large trout are at the surface looking for an easy meal. maupin area fishermen call them a favorite bait, especially come april and may when the insects hatch and trout fishing season is in full swing.
every year diehard fly fishermen flock to the rocky mountains from far and wide to get a crack at this hatch. if you happen to find a honey hole you’ll know it and be in luck because it’s some of the best nymph fishing of the year. once a mate is found they will spend time in the high trees and willows mating. for me, trying to time this hatch every season has become a never-ending obsession and a more important role in managing a guide service on the river.
usually the river is in a run-off stage in late may and early june but due to upstream irrigation the river is lower and clearer than it normally would be at that time. the hatch was good, i’d give it 6 out of 10 in comparison to all the hatches i’ve fished on this particular river. in general the only way to get a crack at this hatch is by floating. the river always seems to have perfect flows and clarity making it easy for the fish to find cover and get a good look at the bugs which in turn is great for us as anglers.
an artificial fly or fly lure is a type of fishing lure, usually used in the sport of fly fishing. in general, artificial flies are an imitation of aquatic insects that are natural food of the target fish species the fly fishers try to catch. the scientific name of the salmonfly is pteronarcys californica and nymphs can grow to as big as 50 mm before molting and becoming an adult fly. they live in salmon flies, pteranarcys californicus, are a member of the stonefly order of insects and can grow to be up to three inches long. when large trout get really salmon flies (pteronarcy’s, californica) are in the stonefly family and the king of their species. salmon flies have a life span of four years from nymph stage, .
here you will find a list of our top rated salmonfly patterns for trout in montana. our fly selection is one of the largest in the country. the pteronarcys californica also known as the salmon fly, hatches on the yakima river thought-out the month a may yakima river salmon fly of may. 15 best flies for salmon (pictures included) ; beadhead woolly bugger fly for salmon ; spey fly used in salmon fly fishing ; hex nymph for salmon ; egg sucking, .
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