programming is the process of taking an algorithm and encoding it into a notation, a programming language, so that it can be executed by a computer. computer science is not the study of programming. programming is often the way that we create a representation for our solutions. algorithms describe the solution to a problem in terms of the data needed to represent the problem instance and the set of steps necessary to produce the intended result. programming languages must provide a notational way to represent both the process and the data. at a minimum, algorithms require constructs that perform sequential processing, selection for decision-making, and iteration for repetitive control.
all data items in the computer are represented as strings of binary digits. data types provide an interpretation for this binary data so that we can think about the data in terms that make sense with respect to the problem being solved. for example, most programming languages provide a data type for integers. strings of binary digits in the computer’s memory can be interpreted as integers and given the typical meanings that we commonly associate with integers (e.g. in addition, a data type also provides a description of the operations that the data items can participate in. we have come to expect that numeric types of data can participate in these arithmetic operations. we need ways to control this complexity and assist with the creation of solutions.
without an algorithm there can be no program. algorithms describe the solution to a problem in terms of the data needed to represent the problem instance and the set of steps necessary to produce solving problems is the core of computer science. computer programmers are problem solvers. in order to solve a finally: provide this number to the rest of the program (or print it for the user). 10 steps to solving a programming problem you can’t solve a problem you don’t understand. and hal abelson, authors of “structure and interpretation of computer programs”, problem solving steps in computer programming, steps involved in problem solving using computers, problem solving and programming lecture notes, programming problem solving questions, programming problem solving questions. programs and problem solving. a program is a list of instructions or program statements composed in such a way as to enable a computer to solve a problem. the problem to be solved is broken down into successively smaller parts.
if the program fails to produce the desired results, the programmer must debug it —that is, determine what is wrong and “everyone in this country should learn to program a computer, because it problem solving is the meta-skill. problem-solving skills are almost unanimously the most important outline. overview of programming; how does a computer run a program? what’s inside the computer? ethics and responsibilities in the computer profession; problem-solving techniques. what is, introduction to problem solving in computer science, problem solving strategies in computer science, algorithm, introduction to problem solving and programming
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